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Getting to Know Patriarchal Culture and Its Impact on Women

Patriarchal CULTURE is considered not only about being a leader or other traditional figure, but deeper than that. Patriarchy itself has an impact on violence against women due to the social position of men which is higher than women. So that people tend to think that it is normal to have harassment behavior against women in the slightest form. Launching the Asian Development Bank, there are several causes of gender inequality in the world of work. Among them is the stigma that women are more unproductive.

Women often receive lower wages than male workers even though the hours and workload are the same. In addition, many women experience discrimination, including in matters of choosing a profession.

In the Javanese language, it is quite familiar to us that women's duties are only macak, manak, and cooking. This perception is a collective perception of society that makes women seen only as objects and places men in a special position. However, what exactly is patriarchy? How did patriarchy first appear? Here's an explanation. Understanding patriarchy Patriarchy is a social system that places men as the main power holders and dominates in the role of political leadership, moral authority, social rights and property control.

In the family domain, a figure called the father has authority over women, children and property. Some patriarchal societies are also patrilineal, meaning that property and titles are passed on to male descendants. This system implicitly institutionalizes government and male privileges and places women under men. The term patriarchy comes from the word patriarchate which means a structure that places the role of men as the sole, central and even all-powerful ruler.

Why Should Patriarchy Be Concerned?

According to the Asian Pacific Institute on Gender-Based Violence (API-GBV), a patriarchal perspective that values men, heterosexual domination, and women's devaluation is the root of gender-based violence, especially against women.

In Indonesia itself, news about gender-based crimes or violence against women is nothing new. The Indonesian National Commission on Violence Against Women (Komnas Perempuan) has recorded quite large numbers of gender violence against women from year to year even though the dynamics fluctuate.

The most recent record from fundacionmavi Perempuan is the Annual Notes for 2022 (CATAHU 2022) which records the number of cases of gender violence against women of 338,496 cases in 2021. This number is an increase of 49.7% from 226,062 cases in 2020. Reported by Voice of Indonesia ( VOI) 2021, Komnas Perempuan also recorded 36,356 cases of domestic violence against women over the past five years.

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