Various Types of Houses You Must Know

Since elementary school, we must have been introduced to the three basic human needs. The three basic needs are clothing, shelter and food. The basic needs of clothing and food are relatively easy for us to fulfill, in contrast to the need for boards. Boarding needs are basic human needs related to housing, such as houses, apartments and others (Yusdika, 2022). Meeting the needs of the board also requires a lot of consideration. One of the considerations in meeting the needs for boards is knowing the type of house needed.

The types of houses can be categorized based on four things, namely:

Based on the Provision

According to, formal housing considers a more supply side approach where the selling price is more considered. Self-help housing pays more attention to demand-driven development, so that it considers use value rather than selling value. In providing self-help housing, the government provides assistance programs such as materials and labor costs.

By Type

Commercial houses, houses held for profit according to the needs of the community. Self-help houses, houses built on the efforts of the community either individually or in groups.

Public houses, houses organized to meet housing needs for MBR. Special homes, homes organized to meet special needs. State house, a house owned by the State and functions as a residence for officials/employees.

Based on the Shape

Single house, a house that stands alone and has a distance between one house and another and stands on land that is larger than the size of the building.

A coupling house, the house that is partitioned is the same size on the left and right of the building. In general, a coupling house is under the same roof and is only separated by a partition.

Row houses, houses attached to other houses on the right and left sides of the building.

Maisonette, a house that is stacked vertically and generally consists of 2-3 floors.

Flats, multi-storey buildings whose parts are structured according to function, flats in Indonesia consist of two types, namely flats or rented flats and rusunami or owned milk houses.

Based on Market Segment

Simple housing, known as subsidized housing, is generally reserved for lower-middle-income or low-income (MBR) groups. Equipped with basic facilities and infrastructure such as roads, places of worship, parks, clean water utilities and electricity.

Middle housing, known as commercial housing, is generally reserved for middle-income groups.
Equipped with complete facilities and infrastructure and adapted to the capacity and size of the number of units available.

Luxury housing, known as commercial housing, is generally reserved for high-income people. Equipped with integrated and adequate facilities and infrastructure using the underground network.


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